Battle of Thermopylae

How many Persians were at the Battle of Thermopylae?

*The combined totals for Greek armies is 6,300, although most modern estimates are around the 7,000 mark. **Included in the Total Persian Army figures.

Army sizes and compositions during the Battle of Thermopylae 480BCE.

Characteristic Greeks* Persians
Immortals** 10,000
Total Persian Army (lower estimate) 70,000

Apr 16, 2013

History of Battle of Thermopylae

What really happened at the Battle of Thermopylae?

After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them. Sending the main army in retreat, Leonidas and a small contingent remained behind to resist the advance and were defeated.

What is the Spartan battle cry?

“This is where we fight! This is where they die!” King Leonidas__In 300, the king of Sparta uses this catchy jingle to rally his troops against the Persians. It scores big points for clarity, but it really gets a boost when 300 Spartans shout “HA-OOH!” in response.

Is the Spartan 300 a true story?

Based on the homonymous comic book by Frank Miller, the movie earned a huge fan base around the world. Like the comic book, the 300 takes inspirations from the real Battle of Thermopylae and the events that took place in the year of 480 BC in ancient Greece. An epic movie for an epic historical event.

Did Sparta have 2 Kings?

Sparta in time developed a system of dual kingship (two kings ruling at once). Their power was counter-balanced by the elected board of ephors (who may only serve a single one-year term). There was also a Council of Elders (Gerousia), each member of which was over the age of 60 and could serve for life.

What did the Spartans look like?

What happened after Battle of Thermopylae?

Though defeated at Thermopylae, the Greeks would ultimately prevail in the second Greco-Persian war, though not before Athens was sacked by the Persians. Following a naval defeat at the Battle of Salamis, Xerxes retreated to Asia, losing many men to disease and starvation along the way.

What started the Battle of Thermopylae?

This great battle in 480 happened during the Greco-Persian Wars in which King Xerxes of Persia was attempting to gain more territory. A group of Greeks, including Spartans, Athenians, and others, banded together to fight against the Persian menace.

What if the Spartans won at Thermopylae?

If they won, they probably would’ve followed the Persians back to Asia Minor. They’d eventually loose because of the Persian home advantage. And also the growing rift between Athens and Sparta would likely lead to an even larger Peloponnesian war.

Who are Sparta descendants?

The Maniots (inhabitants of the Mani Peninsula) therefore are considered direct descendants of Spartans. Almost three thousand years ago, Greece consisted of multiple ‘polis’ that were mostly controlled by Sparta. Spartans, as depicted in the 2006 movie 300, were highly trained fighters.

Are Spartans the best warriors ever?

Spartan warriors known for their professionalism were the best and most feared soldiers of Greece in the fifth century B.C. Their formidable military strength and commitment to guard their land helped Sparta dominate Greece in the fifth century.

Why did the Spartans fall?

This decay occurred because Sparta’s population declined, change in values, and stubborn preservation of conservatism. Sparta ultimately surrendered its position as ancient Greece’s preeminent military power.

How tall was King Xerxes?

Herodotus wrote in Histories (7:117) that [Xerxes] was in stature the tallest of all the Persians, falling short by only four fingers of being five royal cubits in height. A royal cubit is assumed to be a bit more than 20 English inches (52 cm), which makes Xerxes almost 8 feet tall (2.43 m).

Who conquered Sparta?

Despite their military prowess, the Spartans’ dominance was short-lived: In 371 B.C., they were defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra, and their empire went into a long period of decline.

Why did Sparta lose to Thebes?

Thebes defied the Spartans by leading a league of Boeotian city-states that Sparta was determined to suppress. A force of Spartan and other Peloponnesian troops was thus sent to attack Thebes, which hastily prepared to defend itself with its Boeotian League allies.

What is the meaning of Thermopylae?

Thermopylae means “hot gates,” in reference to the presence of the hot sulphur springs in the area. The cavernous entrance to Hades, the underworld of Greek mythology, was said to be at Thermopylae.

Why did Sparta only send 300?

The Spartans may have only sent 300, not because of the Olympics or Carneia, but because they didn’t wish to defend so far north, although it does seem unusual they would have sent a King if so.

Who survived Thermopylae?

Of the three hundred Spartans at Thermopylae, only two survived the battle: Pantites, who had been sent with a message to Thessaly, and Aristodamus, who was also a messenger or in a different version was one of two men excused for severe eye infections.

What are 3 interesting facts about the Battle of Thermopylae?

10 Interesting Facts About The Battle of Thermopylae

  • #1 The major cause of the battle can be traced back to the Ionian revolt. …
  • #2 Persian Empire was the largest in ancient history and was ruled by Xerxes the Great. …
  • #3 The Persian army numbered probably in hundreds of thousands.

Why did the Spartans lose at the Battle of Thermopylae?

If the phalanx broke or if the enemy attacked from the side or the rear, however, the formation became vulnerable. It was this fatal weakness to the otherwise formidable phalanx formation that proved to be Leonidas’ undoing against an invading Persian army at the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 B.C.

How old were Spartan soldiers trained?

How Ancient Sparta’s Harsh Military System Trained Boys Into Fierce Warriors. The Greek city-state imposed brutal training and contests that began at age 7. The Greek city-state imposed brutal training and contests that began at age 7.

How did the Greeks defeat the Persians?

The Greeks crushed the weaker Persian foot soldiers by routing the wings before turning towards the centre of the Persian line. The remnants of the Persian army fled to their ships and left the battle. Herodotus records that 6,400 Persian bodies were counted on the battlefield; the Athenians lost only 192 men.

When did the Battle of Thermopylae end?

How did Sparta fall to Rome?

The decisive Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC ended the Spartan hegemony, although the city-state maintained its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC.

Who won the Persian War?

Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.

What is Athens called now?

After the establishment of the modern Greek state, and partly due to the conservatism of the written language, ?????? [a??ine] again became the official name of the city and remained so until the abandonment of Katharevousa in the 1970s, when ?????, Athna, became the official name.

How tall was the average Spartan?

The average height of a Spartan was approximately 5’8?. This is because Spartans were measured in units of 1/5 of a man, which is approximately 18 inches.

Who betrayed Sparta?

In popular media. In the 1962 film The 300 Spartans, Ephialtes was portrayed by Kieron Moore and is depicted as a loner who worked on a goat farm near Thermopylae. He betrays the Spartans to the Persians out of greed for riches, and, it is implied, unrequited love for a Spartan girl named Ellas.

Where is Thermopylae today?

Thermopylae, Modern Greek Thermoples, also spelled Thermoplai, narrow pass on the east coast of central Greece between the Kalldhromon massif and the Gulf of Maliaks, about 85 miles (136 km) northwest of Athens (Athna).

Do Spartans still exist?

But today there is still a town called Sparta in Greece in the very same spot as the ancient city. So, in a way, Spartans still exist, although these days they tend to be a little less strict and certainly not as good at fighting with spears and shields as the ancients.