Cancer Glossary

Last Updated on September 30, 2022 by amin


What are the most common cancers?

The most common cancers (listed in descending order according to estimated new cases in 2020) are breast cancer, lung and bronchus cancer, prostate cancer, colon and rectum cancer, melanoma of the skin, bladder cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kidney and renal pelvis cancer, endometrial cancer, leukemia, pancreatic cancer …

Where is carcinoma found?

Carcinoma is the most common type of cancer. It begins in the epithelial tissue of the skin, or in the tissue that lines internal organs, such as the liver or kidneys. Carcinomas may spread to other parts of the body, or be confined to the primary location.

What are the most survivable cancers?

What Is the Most Survivable Cancer?

Sr. No. (From most to least) Type of cancer Patients expected to survive five years after their diagnosis (percent)
1 Prostate cancer 99
2 Thyroid cancer 98
3 Testicular cancer 97
4 Melanoma (Skin cancer) 94

What’s another name for cancer?

Malignancy is another word for cancer.

What does R R mean in oncology?

What does relapsed or refractory (R/R) mean? Relapse happens when the cancer or the signs and symptoms of the cancer return after responding to previous treatment. Refractory refers to a disease that has not responded to previous treatment.

What is an active cancer?

Active cancer is defined as cancer not received potentially curative treatment, or when there is evidence that treatment has not been curative (e.g., recurrent or progressive disease), or when treatment is ongoing [33].

What is cancer in the simplest terms?

Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancer develops when the body’s normal control mechanism stops working. Old cells do not die and instead grow out of control, forming new, abnormal cells. These extra cells may form a mass of tissue, called a tumor.

What abbreviation is related to cancer?

List of Abbreviations

5-FU 5-Fluorouracil (anti cancer drug)
C/W Continue With
C1 – C7 Cervical vertebrae (spine eg. C7 = seventh cervical vertebra)
Ca Cancer; carcinoma
Ca Calcium

Are all cancers carcinomas?

Not all cancers are carcinoma. Other types of cancer that aren’t carcinomas invade the body in different ways. Those cancers begin in other types of tissue, such as: Bone.

What is cancer terminology?

(KAN-ser) A term for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems.

Where does cancer usually start?

All cancers begin in cells. Our bodies are made up of more than a hundred million million (100,000,000,000,000) cells. Cancer starts with changes in one cell or a small group of cells. Usually, we have just the right number of each type of cell.

What are the least common cancers?

Specific rare and less common cancers

  • Appendix cancer.
  • Gall bladder cancer.
  • Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs)
  • Ocular (uveal) melanoma.
  • Penile cancer.
  • Small bowel cancer.
  • Soft tissue sarcoma.
  • Upper tract urothelial cancer.

Cancer Glossary

What is the medical name for cancer?

Cancer may also be called malignancy, a malignant tumor, or a neoplasm (literally, a new growth).

What does * * mean?

a small starlike symbol (*), used in writing and printing as a reference mark or to indicate omission, doubtful matter, etc. Linguistics. the figure of a star (*) used to mark an utterance that would be considered ungrammatical or otherwise unacceptable by native speakers of a language, as in * I enjoy to ski.

What are the most rare cancers?

A list of 10 rare cancers

  1. Esophageal cancer. Share on Pinterest William Taufic/Getty Images. …
  2. Chronic myeloid leukemia. …
  3. Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. …
  4. Anal cancer. …
  5. Merkel cell carcinoma. …
  6. Thymic carcinoma. …
  7. Hepatoblastoma. …
  8. Glioblastoma.

Is cancer a star?

Cancer is a medium-size constellation with an area of 506 square degrees and its stars are rather faint, its brightest star Beta Cancri having an apparent magnitude of 3.5.

Cancer (constellation)

List of stars in Cancer
Stars within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly) 2
Brightest star ? Cnc (Altarf) (3.53)
Messier objects 2

What cancers are hereditary?

Some cancers that can be hereditary are:

  • Breast cancer.
  • Colon cancer.
  • Prostate cancer.
  • Ovarian cancer.
  • Uterine cancer.
  • Melanoma (a type of skin cancer)
  • Pancreatic cancer.

What cancers have the lowest survival rate?

The cancers with the lowest five-year survival estimates are mesothelioma (7.2%), pancreatic cancer (7.3%) and brain cancer (12.8%). The highest five-year survival estimates are seen in patients with testicular cancer (97%), melanoma of skin (92.3%) and prostate cancer (88%).

Are cancers rare Zodiac?

Cancer Sign Background It is estimated that only 7% of the worldwide population is born under this sign, which makes Cancers very rare and powerful. What follows is a detailed breakdown for each of the 4 Cancer signs. You’ll also see information related to this unique Zodiac sign that you might not know about.

What cancers are incurable?

The 10 deadliest cancers, and why there’s no cure

  • Pancreatic cancer.
  • Mesothelioma.
  • Gallbladder cancer.
  • Esophageal cancer.
  • Liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer.
  • Lung and bronchial cancer.
  • Pleural cancer.
  • Acute monocytic leukemia.