Epilepsy Epidemiology

What is the epidemiology of epilepsy?

Epilepsy accounts for a significant proportion of the world’s disease burden, affecting around 50 million people worldwide. The estimated proportion of the general population with active epilepsy (i.e. continuing seizures or with the need for treatment) at a given time is between 4 and 10 per 1000 people.

What foods should I avoid with epilepsy?

If you have a sudden spike or crash in blood sugar, this could cause seizures. This is why it is generally best to avoid high sugar, processed foods such as cookies, cakes, candy and white bread. Ideally you should aim to follow a balanced diet which will release energy into your bloodstream at a slower, steadier rate.

What country has the most epilepsy?

The prevalence of epilepsy is particularly high in Latin America and in several African countries, notably Liberia, Nigeria, and the United Republic of Tanzania. Parasitic infections, particularly neurocysticercosis, are important etiological factors for epilepsy in many of these countries.

How much sleep do epileptics need?

There is a significant relationship between sleep deprivation and seizures in people with epilepsy. While individual sleep needs vary, the recommended amount of sleep for children is 10 to 12 hours per day, for teenagers 9 to 10 hours, and for adults 7 to 8 hours. The majority of SUDEP cases occur during the night.

Is epilepsy more common in males or females?

Although most epilepsy syndromes are equally or more commonly found in males than in females, childhood absence epilepsy and the syndrome of photosensitive epilepsy are more common in females.

Does epilepsy get worse with age?

The incidence of any type of seizure increases substantially over the age of 60, commonly due to other neurological conditions such as dementia or stroke.

What is the main cause of epilepsy?

When epilepsy is diagnosed in older adults, it’s sometimes from another neurological issue, like a stroke or a brain tumor. Other causes can be related to genetic abnormalities, prior brain infection, prenatal injuries or developmental disorders. But in about half of people with epilepsy, there’s no apparent cause.

Epilepsy Epidemiology

Is epilepsy a mental illness?

Epilepsy is not a mental illness. In fact, the vast majority of people living with epilepsy have no cognitive or psychological problem. For the most part, psychological issues in epilepsy are limited to people with severe and uncontrolled epilepsy.

What are the 4 types of seizures?

These words are used to describe generalized seizures:

  • Tonic: Muscles in the body become stiff.
  • Atonic: Muscles in the body relax.
  • Myoclonic: Short jerking in parts of the body.
  • Clonic: Periods of shaking or jerking parts on the body.

What population is considered high risk for epilepsy?

The rate of new cases of epilepsy is also higher in people over age 55. Older adults are more likely to have a stroke or develop brain tumors or Alzheimer’s disease, which can all cause epilepsy.

What are the warning signs of epilepsy?

Epilepsy: Seizure Triggers, Warning Signs, and Symptoms

  • Temporary confusionoften described as a fuzzy feeling.
  • A staring spell.
  • Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs.
  • Loss of consciousness or awareness.
  • Psychic symptomsout-of-body feelings or not feeling in the moment
  • Memory lapses.

What percentage of population has epilepsy?

It’s estimated that about 1.2 percent of U.S. people have active epilepsy. This comes out to about 3.4 million people nationwide and more than 65 million globally. Additionally, about 1 in 26 people will develop epilepsy at some point during their lifetime.

What age group has the highest incidence of epilepsy?

The incidence of epilepsy is higher in the youngest and oldest age-groups [11], with estimates of 86 per 100,000 per year in a well-defined population in the first year of age, a trend to decrease to about 2331 per 100,000 in people aged 3059 years, and a subsequent increase up to 180 per 100,000 in the over 85 age- …

Is banana good for epilepsy?

The 2018 study was published in the Pharmacognosy Research. The researchers tested the water extracts of banana stem on animals and found that it was able to reduce the onset and duration of seizures in animals with some forms of epilepsy under laboratory conditions.