Hematology Tests

What is normal HCT?

Normal hematocrit levels vary based on age and race.. In adults, normal levels for men range from 41%-50%. For women, the normal range is slightly lower: 36%-44%. A hematocrit level below the normal range, meaning the person has too few red blood cells, is called anemia.

What cancers are detected by blood tests?

What types of blood tests can help detect cancer?

  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) for prostate cancer.
  • Cancer antigen-125 (CA-125) for ovarian cancer.
  • Calcitonin for medullary thyroid cancer.
  • Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for liver cancer and testicular cancer.

What does WBC mean in a blood test?

A WBC count is a blood test to measure the number of white blood cells (WBCs) in the blood. WBCs are also called leukocytes. They help fight infections. There are five major types of white blood cells: Basophils.

What is low hemoglobin?

Hemoglobin (Hb or Hgb) is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. A low hemoglobin count is generally defined as less than 13.2 grams of hemoglobin per deciliter (132 grams per liter) of blood for men and less than 11.6 grams per deciliter (116 grams per liter) for women.

What blood test shows infection?

A blood culture test helps your doctor figure out if you have a kind of infection that is in your bloodstream and can affect your entire body. Doctors call this a systemic infection. The test checks a sample of your blood for bacteria or yeast that might be causing the infection.

What diseases can a CBC detect?

Some of the most common diseases a CBC detects include anemia, autoimmune disorders, bone marrow disorders, dehydration, infections, inflammation, leukemia, lymphoma, myeloproliferative neoplasms, myelodysplastic syndrome, sickle cell disease, thalassemia, nutritional deficiencies (e.g., Iron, B12 or folate), and …

How many types of hematology tests are there?

List Of Test And Sample Collection (Haematology)

NO TEST REQUIRED VOLUME AND CONTAINER TYPE
1. Full Blood Count (FBC) 2.0 – 2.5 ml blood in EDTA tube
2. Full Blood Picture (FBP) 2.0 – 2.5 ml blood in EDTA tube
3. PT / APTT 1.8 ml blood in Tri-sodium Citrate tube
4. ESR 2.0 – 2.0 ml blood in EDTA tube

What are the 3 types of hemoglobin?

Some normal hemoglobin types are; Hemoglobin A (Hb A), which is 9598% of hemoglobin found in adults, Hemoglobin A2 (Hb A2), which is 23% of hemoglobin found in adults, and Hemoglobin F (Hb F), which is found in adults up to 2.5% and is the primary hemoglobin that is produced by the fetus during pregnancy.

Would a full blood count show anything serious?

“You could take an armful of blood and you couldn’t do that.” Instead, if your full blood count indicates that a certain blood cell is abnormally high or low, this may indicate infection, anaemia, or other more serious diseases. Depending on the results, the GP may then request more tests to confirm a diagnosis.

What are the 5 blood tests?

What are the different types of blood tests?

  • Complete blood count (CBC). …
  • Basic metabolic panel. …
  • Blood enzyme tests. …
  • Blood tests to check for heart disease. …
  • Blood clotting tests, also known as a coagulation panel.

What is hemoglobin blood test?

A hemoglobin test measures the amount of hemoglobin in your blood. Hemoglobin is a protein in your red blood cells that carries oxygen to your body’s organs and tissues and transports carbon dioxide from your organs and tissues back to your lungs.

What does a blood count of 7 mean?

A normal hemoglobin level is 11 to 18 grams per deciliter (g/dL), depending on your age and gender. But 7 to 8 g/dL is a safe level. Your doctor should use just enough blood to get to this level. Often, one unit of blood is enough.

Hematology Tests

What tests are done in hematology?

What Are Common Hematology Tests?

  • Full Blood Count Testing. …
  • White Blood Cells (WBC) Testing. …
  • Red Blood Cells (RBC) Testing. …
  • Hemoglobin Testing. …
  • Hematocrit and Platelets. …
  • Mono Screening. …
  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency Testing. …
  • Renal Profiling.

What is a normal CBC blood count?

In general, the reference ranges are: White blood cells: 4,500 to 11,000 cells per microliter (cells/mcL) Red blood cells: 4.5 million to 5.9 million cells/mcL for men; 4.1 million to 5.1 million cells/mcL for women. Hemoglobin: 14 to 17.5 grams per deciliter (gm/dL) for men; 12.3 to 15.3 gm/dL for women.

What HCT means in blood test?

A hematocrit (he-MAT-uh-krit) test measures the proportion of red blood cells in your blood. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout your body. Having too few or too many red blood cells can be a sign of certain diseases. The hematocrit test, also known as a packed-cell volume (PCV) test, is a simple blood test.

Can a virus affect blood tests?

It is possible therefore that your test results might be affected by your recent infection. Unfortunately as everyone has a unique immune system, the time it takes to recover from a cold or flu will vary and this may be reflected in your test results.

What is the most common hematology test?

One of the most common hematology tests is the complete blood count, or CBC. This test is often conducted during a routine exam and can detect anemia, clotting problems, blood cancers, immune system disorders and infections.