Manila Galleon

What was the first name of the capital of the Philippines?

In 1595, Manila was proclaimed as the capital of the Philippine Islands and became a center of the trans-Pacific silver trade for more than three centuries.

What is the advantage of galleon trade?

Advantages: The galleons brought Mexican silver, merchandise, and useful plants to the Philippines as well as other influences from Mexico and Spain. The trade generated revenue needed by the government.

What cargo did Manila galleon carry and where did it go?

The Manila galleons were Spanish treasure ships which transported precious goods like silk, spices, and porcelain from Manila in the Philippines to Acapulco, Mexico, between 1565 and 1815.

What is the history of galleon trade?

With a record of more than 250 years, the Galleon Trade was the longest running shipping line of its time. Carrying silver, gold, spices, silk and objects that were fashionable between 1565- 1815, it was, as Nick Joaquin noted, the first medium to reduce the world to a village.

What does galleon trade mean?

A trade carried in Spanish ships, called Manila galleons, that regularly crossed the Pacific between Manila, in the Philippines, and Acapulco, New Spain (now Mexico), carrying luxury goods from East … From: Manila Galleon Trade in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

What route did the Manila galleons travel from where to where?

The Manila Galleon Trade Route was an economically powerful system of linking Spain with the commodities of Asia via Mexico. It consisted of two separate routes westward from Acapulco to Manila and eastward on the return, following two separate belts of trade winds across the Pacific.

Why is Rizal the first Filipino?

Rizal is believed to be the first Filipino revolutionary whose death is attributed entirely to his work as a writer; and through dissent and civil disobedience enabled him to successfully destroy Spain’s moral primacy to rule.

What triggered the Filipino to start being nationalistic?

The sense of national consciousness came from the Creoles, who now regard themselves as “Filipino”. It was brought to its advent by three major factors: 1) economy, 2) education and 3) secularization of parishes. These factors contributed to the birth of the Filipino Nationalism.

Who started the Manila galleon?

In 1571, after gaining control of the Malay trading center of Manila for Spain, Miguel Lpez De Legazpi sent two ships back to Mexico laden with Chinese silks and porcelains, to be exchanged for needed provisions. In this way the Manila galleon trade was established.

Why was the galleon trade stopped?

In 1815, galleon trade was phased out after the Spanish king issued an imperial edict to abolish galleon trade due to the impact of independent movements in Latin America and free trade in Britain and America.

What goods were carried by the galleon in its first voyage?

The galleons carried spices, porcelains and other luxury goods from Asia and gold and silver from the Americas in one of the largest complexes of global exchange of people and goods in human history. The Mariana Islands was one stop along the route.

Who is the father of Filipino Nationalism?

Jose Rizal, Father of Filipino Nationalism, for several reasons. First, Dr. Rizal himself was very much interested in the history of this part of the world. Second, this year 1961 has been proclaimed by the President of the Philippines as the Rizal Centenary Year, for our hero was born in 1861.

How did the galleon trade work?

The Galleon Trade was a government monopoly. Only two galleons were used: One sailed from Acapulco to Manila with some 500,000 pesos worth of goods, spending 120 days at sea; the other sailed from Manila to Acapulco with some 250,000 pesos worth of goods spending 90 days at sea.

When did the Manila galleon trade start?

The Spanish inaugurated the Manila galleon trade route in 1565 after the Augustinian friar and navigator Andrs de Urdaneta pioneered the tornaviaje or return route from the Philippines to Mexico. Urdaneta and Alonso de Arellano made the first successful round trips that year.

What is the importance of Manila galleon in the Philippine history?

They were the sole means of communication between Spain and its Philippine colony and served as an economic lifeline for the Spaniards in Manila. During the heyday of the galleon trade, Manila became one of the world’s great ports, serving as a focus for trade between China and Europe.

How did galleon trade affect globalization?

Globalization started with trade in Asia, in Spanish America, said Mr. Gordon. He further emphasized that the galleon trade put up the ground for globalization by bringing about economic and cultural exchange, and integration of financial markets between Asia and the Americas.

What were galleons used for?

Galleons were large, multi-decked sailing ships first used as armed cargo carriers by European states from the 16th to 18th centuries during the age of sail and were the principal vessels drafted for use as warships until the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the mid-1600s.

What is galleon trade centuries ago?

The Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade between the Philippines and Mexico started in 1565 and lasted until Sept. 14, 1815. For 250 years, Spanish ships crossed the Pacific Ocean and traded in various goods such as spice, cotton, jade, ivory, silk and gold.

History of Manila Galleon

The so-called Manila Galleon (Nao de China or Nao de Acapulco) brought porcelain, silk, ivory, spices, and myriad other exotic goods from China to Mexico in exchange for New World silver. (It is estimated that as much as one-third of the silver mined in New Spain and Peru went to the Far East.)