Molluscum Contagiosum Treatment and Prognosis


What can molluscum be confused with?

The following diseases should be considered in the differential diagnosis of molluscum contagiosum: cryptococcosis, basal cell carcinoma, keratoacanthoma, histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, and verruca vulgaris.

What is the best home treatment for molluscum contagiosum?

Home remedies for molluscum contagiosum

  • Colloidal oatmeal baths. Share on Pinterest A colloidal oatmeal bath may reduce the symptoms of molluscum contagiosum. …
  • Apple cider vinegar. …
  • Tea tree oil and iodine. …
  • Australian lemon myrtle oil. …
  • Other essential oils. …
  • Coconut oil. …
  • Boost immune function. …
  • Zinc oxide cream.

How do you know molluscum is healing?

The last and best reason for redness is that the bumps may be resolving. Generally, a few weeks before a molluscum bump goes away, the immune system will cause some local, non-tender inflammation as part of the healing process. So, if they’re red but don’t hurt, keep an eye out and you will likely see them clear.

Can molluscum be asymptomatic?

Molluscum contagiosum is usually asymptomatic; however, individual lesions may be tender or pruritic. In general, the patient does not experience systemic symptoms, such as fever, nausea, or malaise. The patient may recall contact with an infected sexual partner, family member, or other person.

Is molluscum contagiosum curable?

Most of the time, molluscum clears up on its own without treatment. Each bump goes away in about 23 months. New bumps can appear as old ones go away, so it can take 6-12 months (and sometimes longer) for molluscum to fully go away. Sometimes, doctors remove the bumps or help them go away more quickly.

What age group is molluscum contagiosum most common?

Although not limited to children, it is most common in children 1 to 10 years of age. People at increased risk for getting the disease include: People with weakened immune systems (i.e., HIV-infected persons or persons being treated for cancer) are at higher risk for getting molluscum contagiosum.

Is molluscum related to warts?

Common warts usually grow on your fingers and toes but can appear anywhere. Molluscum Contagiosum (water warts) are small wart-like growths that are also caused by a viral infection. Like warts, they are round, firm and usually painless, and they are spread by person-to-person contact and contact with infected objects.

Can you get molluscum from a toilet seat?

Other people at high risk are wrestlers, swimmers, gymnasts, and people who use steam baths and saunas. It’s also possible to transmit the infection sexually (genital infection). It is theoretically possible to contract the virus from a toilet seat, though no one has documented this.

Does steroid cream help molluscum?

If an eczema flare occurs with Molluscum, it’s important to treat the eczema with a topical steroid to repair the skin barrier; however, if your child is itchy but there is no evidence of eczema, topical steroids are best avoided as they may cause Molluscum to spread.

Is molluscum common in adults?

Though most common in children, molluscum contagiosum can affect adults as well particularly those with weakened immune systems. In adults with an otherwise normal immune system, molluscum contagiosum involving the genitals is considered a sexually transmitted infection.

How long does molluscum contagiosum take to appear?

First sign. The bumps appear on the skin between 2 and 8 weeks after you get the virus that causes this skin infection. When the bumps first appear, you usually see ones that are small, firm, pink, flesh-colored, or white.

How long does it take for molluscum to go away with treatment?

Within 6-12 months, Molluscum contagiosum typically resolves without scarring but may take as long as 4 years. The lesions, known as Mollusca, are small, raised, and usually white, pink, or flesh-colored with a dimple or pit in the center. They often have a pearly appearance. They’re usually smooth and firm.

Does duct tape get rid of molluscum?

What You Should Know About Molluscum: They are harmless and painless. Wart-removing acids are not helpful. Duct tape treatment will make them go away faster.

Does hydrogen peroxide get rid of molluscum?

Hydrogen peroxide (HP) is a powerful oxidizing agent and antiseptic that can inactivate poxvirus in vitro. 21 Treatment with HP, which is sold outside of Spain in a 1% cream, resulted in complete resolution of lesions in an 8-month-old patient with genital MC when applied at every diaper change for 1 week.

What happens if molluscum contagiosum is left untreated?

Molluscum contagiosum is a mild, harmless viral skin infection. The virus is spread through skin-to-skin contact and mainly by sexual activity in adults. It appears on the skin surface as a small, raised, round, pearly lump. If left untreated the virus will eventually go away.

Does zinc oxide help molluscum?

Although Safa and Darrieux attributed the efficacy of their agent to colloidal oatmeal, it appears that Zn in the structure of zinc oxide cream is also effective in treating the molluscum contagiosum via up-regulating the local immune system.

What kills molluscum contagiosum?

The topical povidone-iodine/dimethylsulfoxide system is very effective in eradicating molluscum contagiosum.

At what stage is molluscum contagiosum contagious?

Q: How long is it contagious? A: It’s contagious as long as the child still has the molluscum. If you look at the bumps, they’re usually pink, domed-shaped. And sometimes if you look up close, they’re what you call umbilicated (meaning they look like they have a little belly button in the middle).

What is the fastest way to get rid of molluscum contagiosum?

Cryotherapy: Your dermatologist applies an extremely cold substance to each molluscum bump. This extreme cold can effectively destroy the bumps. Because new molluscum can form, you will need to return for treatment every 2 to 3 weeks until the bumps clear.

Can you be immune to molluscum contagiosum?

Once one area of skin is affected the rash can spread to other areas of your skin. However, most people are resistant (immune) to this virus. Therefore, most of those who come into contact with affected people do not develop molluscum contagiosum.

Does apple cider vinegar help with molluscum?

On using apple cider vinegar for 2-3 weeks daily night and aloe vera gel in the morning I healed all of the bumps and they are gone for good.

Does molluscum always spread?

The molluscum contagiosum virus remains in the top layer of skin (epidermis) and does not circulate throughout the body; therefore, it cannot spread through coughing or sneezing. Since the virus lives only in the top layer of skin, once the lesions are gone the virus is gone and you cannot spread it to others.

What does molluscum look like when it starts to go away?

When molluscum bumps go away, they may leave pink-purple or white spots that fade over time. Doctors can typically recognize molluscum by looking at the skin. Occasionally, scraping or biopsy is done to confirm the diagnosis.

What triggers molluscum?

Causes of molluscum contagiosum (MC) MC is caused by a virus known as the molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV). This virus can be spread through: close direct contact such as touching the skin of an infected person. touching contaminated objects such as towels, flannels, toys and clothes.

Is there an oral medication for molluscum?

Oral cimetidine has been used as an alternative treatment for small children who are either afraid of the pain associated with cryotherapy, curettage, and laser therapy or because the possibility of scarring is to be avoided.

Is molluscum cancerous?

Molluscum contagiosum is an innocuous viral infection which can also mimic a wide variety of other conditions.

Does molluscum stay dormant?

Unlike the herpes virus, molluscum does not remain dormant in your body once the rash has disappeared. Though not dangerous, this virus can be itchy and annoying to have. It is important to get diagnosed by your doctor as soon as you see symptoms of molluscum.

How long does adult molluscum last?

Lesions are usually present on the thighs, buttocks, groin and lower abdomen of adults, and may occasionally appear on the external genital and anal region. Lesions can last from 2 weeks to 4 yearsthe average is 2 years.

How do you treat molluscum Contagiogum in adults?

Medical treatments for molluscum contagiosum

  1. Cryotherapy. The doctor freezes each bump with liquid nitrogen.
  2. Curettage. The doctor pierces the bump and scrapes it off the skin with a small tool.
  3. Laser therapy. The doctor uses a laser to destroy each bump.
  4. Topical therapy.

What is the prognosis of molluscum contagiosum?

The prognosis in molluscum contagiosum is generally excellent because the disease is usually benign and self-limited. Spontaneous resolution generally occurs by 18 months in immunocompetent individuals; however, lesions have been reported to persist for as long as 5 years.

Why do molluscum bleed so much?

An inflammatory reaction, secondary to scratching or occurring when mollusca start to resolve, is frequent and should be distinguished from secondary bacterial infection. When scratched or removed, molluscum contagiosum can lead to bleeding under each single element.

Is molluscum contagiosum a form of HPV?

Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a virus in the poxvirus family. This is different from the human papilloma virus (HPV) family that causes warts, but these two conditions are commonly discussed together because they are contagious viral diseases that cause skin lesions.

Molluscum Contagiosum Treatment and Prognosis

Molluscum contagiosum usually gets better without treatment in six to 12 months. However, it’s possible to continue developing bumps for up to five years. Once all of your bumps are gone, you’re no longer contagious.Mar 21, 2020

Can molluscum turn into a boil?

The bumps usually are not itchy or painful and may be discovered only coincidentally during a physical examination. However, the bumps can become very inflamed (resembling a boil) and itchy as the body fights off the virus.

Does molluscum contagiosum get worse before it gets better?

These bumps are long-lasting. Once a bump appears, it can last months before it begins to fade. Before a bump fades, it may begin to look worse, with more inflammation and with the white center becoming raised and more visible, especially after bathing.

Is molluscum contagiosum life threatening?

Molluscum contagiosum is an infection that causes small bumps on your skin. You get it through touching infected skin, including during sex. It goes away by itself and isn’t dangerous.