Last Updated on September 27, 2022 by amin


Who defeated Alexander the Great?

King Porus of Paurava blocked Alexander’s advance at a ford on the Hydaspes River (now the Jhelum) in the Punjab. The forces were numerically quite evenly balanced, although Alexander had more cavalry and Porus fielded 200 war elephants.

Why is Alexander called the Great?

When Alexander died at the age of 32, he ruled a territory that spanned three continents and covered nearly 2 million square miles. He was the king of his native Macedonia, ruler of the Greeks, the king of Persia and even an Egyptian pharaoh. Due to his massive accomplishments, he was called Alexander the Great.

What is the meaning of Pindar Urdu?

PLATTS DICTIONARY P ????? pind?r [fr. pind?shtan; pi+ni+d?shtan; Zend vi+ni+rt. dar = S. vi+ni+dhar], s.m. Thought, imagination, notion, opinion; self-conceit, pride, arrogance;adj. (used at end of comp.)

Why is Pindar important?

Pindar is the most famous and easily the best-preserved of the lyric poets of Greece. He was of Theban aristocratic birth, connected to important families throughout the Greek world, and wrote poetry for a wide range of royal patrons, from Macedon to Cyrene and Sicily.

Who created the ode?

Alcman (7th century bc) originated the strophic arrangement of the ode, which is a rhythmic system composed of two or more lines repeated as a unit; and Stesichorus (7th6th centuries bc) invented the triadic, or three-part, structure (strophic lines followed by antistrophic lines in the same metre, concluding with a …

How do you write a Pindar ode?

If you’re looking to write your own ode, remember these rules:

  1. Use quatrain stanzas. Classic odes (Pindaric and Horatian) use four-line stanzas known as quatrains. …
  2. Choose a grand or intensely personal subject. …
  3. Be precise about the length of your lines.

What were the kings of Athens called?

“The Athenians, while the Pelasgians ruled what is now called Hellas, were Pelasgians, bearing the name of Kranai (Cranae). When Kekrops (Cecrops) was their king they were called Kekropidai (sons of Kekrops), and when Erekhtheus (Erechtheus) succeeded to the rule, they changed their name and became Athenians.

Are Pindaric odes still used today?

Although fragments of Pindar’s poems in all of the Classical choral forms are extant, it is the collection of four books of epinician odes that has influenced poets of the Western world since their publication by Aldus Manutius in 1513.

Who inspired Thomas Gray?

On 26 December 1754, aged 38, he sent “The Progress of Poesy” to Thomas Wharton. “The Bard” was partly written in the first three months of 1755, and finished in May 1757, when Gray was inspired by a concert given at Cambridge by John Parry, the blind harper.

What does Alexander do at Troy?

Alexander the Great (who considered himself to be descended from Achilles) set out to avenge the Greeks against the Persians. He stopped at Troy to honor the heroes, especially Patroclus, and Athena. He also went into the treasury of Athena where armor said to belong to the Trojan War heroes was stored.

Who beat the 300 Spartans?

The Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led by Leonidas. After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them.

What is Pindar famous for?

Pindar, Greek Pindaros, Latin Pindarus, (born probably 518 bc, Cynoscephalae, Boeotia, Greecedied after 446, probably c. 438, Argos), the greatest lyric poet of ancient Greece and the master of epinicia, choral odes celebrating victories achieved in the Pythian, Olympic, Isthmian, and Nemean games.

Which are the two famous Pindaric odes written by Thomas Gray?

He wrote two Pindaric odes, The Progress of Poesy and The Bard, published in 1757 by Walpole’s private Strawberry Hill Press. They were criticized, not without reason, for obscurity, and in disappointment, Gray virtually ceased to write. He was offered the laureateship in 1757 but declined it.

Why did Sparta lose to Thebes?

Thebes defied the Spartans by leading a league of Boeotian city-states that Sparta was determined to suppress. A force of Spartan and other Peloponnesian troops was thus sent to attack Thebes, which hastily prepared to defend itself with its Boeotian League allies.

What is a famous ode?

Some of the most famous historical odes describe traditionally romantic things and ideas: William Wordsworth’s “Ode on Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood” is an ode to the Platonic doctrine of “recollection”; John Keats’s “Ode on a Grecian Urn” describes the timelessness of art; and Percy …

How long did it take Alexander to march from Macedonia to Thebes?

In 14 days Alexander marched 240 miles from Pelion (near modern Kor, Albania) in Illyria to Thebes. When the Thebans refused to surrender, he made an entry and razed their city to the ground, sparing only temples and Pindar’s house; 6,000 were killed and all survivors sold into slavery.

What is the meaning of Pindar in English?

English meaning of pindaar Noun, Masculine. pride, conceit, arrogance. notion, thought, imagination, opinion.

Are all 14 line poems sonnets?

Fourteen lines: All sonnets have 14 lines, which can be broken down into four sections called quatrains. A strict rhyme scheme: The rhyme scheme of a Shakespearean sonnet, for example, is ABAB / CDCD / EFEF / GG (note the four distinct sections in the rhyme scheme).

What is Thomas Gray’s most famous poem?

When Gray sent his most famous poem, “Elegy”, to Walpole, Walpole sent off the poem as a manuscript and it appeared in different magazines. Gray then published the poem himself and received the credit he was due.

What does an ode to someone mean?

An ode is a form of lyric poetry expressing emotion and it’s usually addressed to someone or something, or it represents the poet’s musings on that person or thing, as Keats’ ode tells us what he thought as he looked at the Grecian urn.

What was the boxer named diagoras of Rhodes nickname?

OLYMPIC GAMES. Diagoras of Rhodes, the son of Damagetus and great grandson of Damagetus, king of Ialissos, was the most famous boxer in antiquity. Pindar called him “huge“. He is said to be impressive not only because of his size but because of his beauty.

What is the right order of the stanzas of Pindaric ode?

The term is derived from the name of a Greek archaic poet, Pindar, but is based on a misconception since Pindar’s odes were in fact very formal, obeying a triadic structure, in which the form of the first stanza (strophe) was repeated in the second stanza (antistrophe), followed by a third stanza (epode) that …

History of Pindar

Who wrote Pindaric odes which influenced 18th century poetry?

22?. ‘As early as 1706 Isaac Watts is writing pseudo-Pindaric odes which mingle an antinomian sense of spiritual freedom derived from his Calvinistic background with a conception of the creative powers of imagination derived from a familiar Renaissance critical tradition’.

What are Villanelles usually about?

Villanelles originally centered around pastoral scenes and many of their themes commemorating life in the countryside. As the fixed villanelle gained popularity, writers used it to tackle all sorts of meanings, from celebration to sadness, and from love to loss.

What is Thebes biggest enemy?

Throughout the Classical Period, Thebes was one of Athens’ biggest enemy poleis, and this complex relationship is often mirrored in the dramas that feature Thebes and Thebans in principal roles.

What are the three parts of a Pindaric ode?

Pindaric odes are made up of three parts, as noted above. They are the strophe, antistrophe, and epode. They were often composed and performed for important events, such as athletic victories in ancient Greece. The first part of the ode is a formal opening that uses a complex and changing metrical structure.

Why did Alexander destroy the Thebes?

Alexander punished the Thebans severely for their rebellion. As an example to the other Greek states, he ordered the execution of all male inhabitants and the enslavement of the women and children.

What is a victory ode?

The epinikion or epinicion (plural epinikia or epinicia, Greek ?????????, from epi-, “on,” + nik, “victory”) is a genre of occasional poetry also known in English as a victory ode.

Is ode to a Grecian Urn a Pindaric ode?

Some odes follow the formal rules set by the two most famous Greek writers of odes, Horace and Pindar. These poems are called surprise, surprise Horatian and Pindaric, respectively. But Keats didn’t follow any set form. The “Ode a Grecian Urn,” for example, was borne out of Keats’s tinkering with the sonnet form.

Who is the patron god of Athens?

Wise Athena, the patron goddess of Athens (1996.178), who typically appears in full armor with her aegis (a goatskin with a snaky fringe), helmet, and spear (07.286. 79), was also the patroness of weaving and carpentry. The owl and the olive tree were sacred to her.

Is Thebes Greek or Egyptian?

Ancient Thebes was located in Greece Thebai (the ancient spelling of Thebes) is not in Egypt but somewhere in the middle of mainland Greece, about 90 km NW of Athens by road. There was indeed a Thebes in Egypt, which was actually the capital of New Kingdom (late second millennium BCE) Egypt.

Who introduced irregular ode?

Alcman (7th century bc) originated the strophic arrangement of the ode, which is a rhythmic system composed of two or more lines repeated as a unit; and Stesichorus (7th6th centuries bc) invented the triadic, or three-part, structure (strophic lines followed by antistrophic lines in the same metre, concluding with a …

Who did Alexander the Great spare in Thebes?

Instead, he flourished during the era of Pericles when many Greeks were being swept up in the groundswell towards democracy. Pindar spent most of his life in Thebes. When Alexander, the Great razed Thebes for defying him, he instructed his soldiers to spare the family home of the long dead poet.

What age did Alexander the Great conquer Persia?

The battle served as a coming-out party for 18-year-old Alexander, who bravely led the Macedonian cavalry charge that broke through the Athenian ranks and secured victory for the upstart kingdom.

What is Triad in ode?

noun A group of three. noun Music A chord of three tones, especially one built on a given root tone plus a major or minor third and a perfect fifth. noun A section of a Pindaric ode consisting of the strophe, antistrophe, and epode.

Was Alexander the Great in the Bible?

In the Bible This is sometimes taken as a reference to Alexander. Alexander was briefly mentioned in the first Book of the Maccabees ,however the name “Alexander” or “Alexander the Great” referring to the Macedonian King, never appears in the Bible.

In which sport did the athlete diagoras from Pindar’s Seventh Olympian ode participate?

Diagoras of Rhodes was probably the most famous boxer in antiquity. He himself was a periodoni?s (winner at all four major games), while three of his sons and two of his grandsons were Olympic victors.

Why did Alexander leave India?

His army, exhausted, homesick, and anxious by the prospects of having to further face large Indian armies throughout the Indo-Gangetic Plain, mutinied at the Hyphasis (modern Beas River) and refused to march further east.

What were the two tradition kinds of odes in Greece?

In Ancient Greek poetry there were three types of odes: Pindaric, Horatian, and irregular.

Why is Thomas Gray important?

Thomas Gray was one of the most important poets of the eighteenth century. This scholar and poet was the most famous for his poem “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard.” Thomas Gray was born on December 26, 1716 in London. He was the only child in his family of eight to survive infancy.

What is the difference between Pindaric and horatian ode?

subjects – The subject of Pindaric odes was usually a celebration of gods or events, whereas the subjects of Horatian odes were more personal in nature. short lines – A short fourth line was standard in the Pindaric style. In a Horatian Ode, the third line was often short, followed by a full fourth line.

Who was the greatest boxing champion in ancient Greece?

The boxer Diagoras of Rhodes embodied every quality of the noble ancient athlete. Immortalized in one of the most famous odes of the poet Pindar, Diagoras was victorious in not only the Olympic games, but in every other major Greek athlethic festival as well.

What is the poetic style of Pindar?

Pindar employed the triadic structure attributed to Stesichorus (7th and 6th centuries bc), consisting of a strophe (two or more lines repeated as a unit) followed by a metrically harmonious antistrophe, concluding with a summary line (called an epode) in a different metre.

What is a Pindaric ode?

Pindaric ode. Pindaric odes are named for the ancient Greek poet Pindar, who lived during the 5th century BC and is often credited with creating the ode poetic form. A Pindaric ode consists of a strophe, an antistrophe that is melodically harmonious, and an epode.

What does Pindar mean in Greek?

Poetry. Pindar (/?p?nd?r/; Greek: ???????? Pindaros, [pndaros]; Latin: Pindarus; c. 518 BC c. 438 BC) was an Ancient Greek lyric poet from Thebes. Of the canonical nine lyric poets of ancient Greece, his work is the best preserved.